:: CRYOTHERAPY ::
Cryotherapy is an effective modality in treating typical soft tissue injury during the acute stage of injury. It reduces nerve conduction and muscle excitability, therefore reducing localised muscle spasm, muscle cramps and trigger point excitability. Cryotherapy also reduces the metabolic and oxygen needs of traumatised tissue, which limits the extent of the initial injury and prevents further involvement of peripheral soft tissues.
The effects cryotherapy will numb the pain, decrease swelling, constrict blood vessels and block nerve impulses to the joint or muscle and allows for the resetting of proprioceptors of the brain through proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and stretching techniques.
An ice and stretch technique is employed, with strokes applied in sweeps that include the muscle, its trigger points, and its referred pain areas. The ice is applied in a rhythmic fashion while a gentle stretch is applied to the muscle.